Posted in Research

Research: Cities of the Philippines and Waste Generation

See a simple exercise using waste generation and population data in my new paper entitled “Cities of the Philippines and Waste Generation.” Access it through this link:

Brief Overview

Waste generation is the starting point for any waste management analysis. In this exercise, available population data and waste generation data for 2015 are used to provide a general outlook of Philippine cities according to waste generation and per capita waste generation.


  • Antipolo City (Rizal) is the only component city in the Ten Most Populous Cities of 2015. In 2011, Antipolo was declared a “highly urbanized city” by Pres. Aquino, the ratification of which requires a plebiscite.
  • Antipolo City (Rizal) and Dasmarinas City (Cavite) are the only component cities in the Ten Cities with the Highest Projected Volume of Waste Generation list, ranked 8th and 9th
    • Antipolo City is 26 km from Manila and boosts real estate developments.
    • Dasmarinas City is an industrial city, hosting three industrial estates and around 300 operational industries.
  • Six of the Ten Cities with Highest Projected Per Capita Waste Generation in 2015 are component cities.
    • Cavite City (Cavite) is the top city in terms of per capita waste generation, with 0.3075 tons generated per person in 2015. It is only 113th in population ranking and 94th in projected volume of waste generation. Cavite City is a 4th income class city and is envisioned to be part of alternative sea and air transport projects to decongest the urban core of Metro Manila.
    • Bislig City (Surigao del Sur) is ranked 9th in terms of per capita waste generation, with 0.2760 tons generated per person in 2015. It is only 120th in population ranking and 111th in projected volume of waste generation. Bislig City is a 3rd income class city that is promoted as an eco-tourist center.
  • Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, is 2nd most populous. It is also the 3rd in terms of projected volume of waste generation; however, it is ranked 133rd in projected per capita waste generation with 0.2148 tons generated per person.


The exercise provides a perspective towards waste generation and population in Philippine cities: ranking of cities according to per capita waste generation is a significant research area. Unexpectedly, Manila ranked low in per capita waste generation, even being in the top of corresponding lists for population and waste generation. Component cities dominated the top ten of per capita waste generation. The exercise offers an overview of further research towards urban solid waste management in the Philippines, which may include geographical analysis of waste generation in cities. The exercise also shows the benefit of open data: with more data accessible to the public through the government agencies, rapid assessments through deskwork can be performed.




I am an Environmental Scientist, Geographer, and Researcher. I am especially interested in urban phenomena and planning.

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